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The Snow 4kids event 2014 was sold out for the full 100 sessions held over 16 days. We will soon publish the details of the 2015 event which will be bigger with more snow and toboggan runs.

The first snow fall party held in Brisbane was a great success and we will be providing details of the winter 2015 program that will travel across Australia as soon as we have confirmed dates and venues.

The Snow 4kids event is coming to Brisbane on June 28 2014 and will be bigger and better with more attractions and the all new Silly Snow Men show.

Bucceri Snow Making installs All weather snow making system at Mount Cuihua Ski Resort in Shaanxi Province China
On November 21, 2013 Bucceri introduced their ne w all weather snow making system to the Chinese Ski Resort Customer and after 10 days of continuous snow making in temperatures up to 15 degrees Celsius ( 55 degrees Fahrenheit) the ski resort was ready to open for business on December 1 2013. The official opening was on the 6th of December 2013 and Alfio Bucceri was part of the official party that opened the ski resort on the day.

Snow obstacle at Mud Runners Event Sydney November 2013

Bucceri Snow Making provided a 20 metre long 3 metre high snow mountain for the 10000 competitors who took part in the annual mud run event.

Events in November 2013

Bucceri Snow MAking provided snow for Disney, Ice Bar Brisbane, Southbank, Easternwell Energy Toowoomba for various snow events during the month of November as well as provide Snow making systems for ski resorts in China.

Funny snow ball fight!

Are you looking for a Birthday Party Idea with lots of ideas to celebrate your kids birthday? You found it! Snow ball fight idea at Snow party is unique, affordable and funtastic.
Bucceri Snow Making company in Brisbane can supply the snow balls and the target to you. At the snow ball party, your kids can enjoy the exciting Snow Ball Fight! Also, they can make a snowball by themself. You should start by grabbing a clump of snow, then cupping your hands around it, and and packing it into a cold lump that will be able to withstand flying through the air without falling apart. You can form team to compete, it must be more funny. With a little creativity, it can easily become a party that's unforgetable.
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Sownman Party for your kids

If the weather outside is frightful, don't fret. Whether you need to entertain the kids on a snow day, or are hosting a birthday party or holiday gathering, these snowman-themed games are a delightful way to entertain the kids. Bucceri Snow Making can create Snowman Birthday Party at home or in outside. A snow-themed birthday party is a fun and unusual idea. It can be especially entertaining if the party is thrown in the summer or in an area that normally doesn't get snow. Plenty of activities and games can keep kids busy during a snow-themed party.
The Snow Man Party is so speacial and funny. We can provide real snow to bulit a Snow Man, and supply eyes, mouths, hats, carrot nose and scarves for the snowmen or even decorate the snowmen with various designs, include kitchen tools(for sculpting), and a variety of old clothes. You can even divide kids into teams and have a snowman building contest. With a fair amount of embellishments, kids can create anything from a rock star snowman to an alien. You can then award prizes for categories such as most creative, funniest, prettiest and so on. In this snowman party, children can use their imagination and share their creations.
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Snow makers have become a necessity at modern ski resorts

Snow makers have become a necessity at modern ski resorts. Before their invention, resorts had to rely on favorable weather conditions. Now snow makers make it possible to open early and extend the ski season. But how do snow makers work? Ever wonder about the technology behind these money makers of the ski industry? How about all that snow? Is it real or artificial? Well, the answer to that last question is yes, snow makers make real snow.
The Snow
Simply put, real snow is made when water vapor in the atmosphere freezes into crystals. These crystals build up, stick together and become snowflakes which fall and become snow. Snow makers make snow identical to natural snow in every way. The difference is only how the snow is made. Only a true snow connoisseur would know the difference. Oh no they wouldn't, because there is no difference. Snow maker snow is exactly the same as natural snow. Now that we have that cleared up, how do they make it?
How Snow Makers Work
In the snow maker or Snow Making Machine, compressed air is combined with cooled water. The compressed air causes the water to form smaller drops. It also blows the drops into the air and keeps them cool. Some snow makers use high powered fans to give the same effect. Others have additional cooling units to speed the crystallization of the water drops into snow flakes. These are used when the weather itself is not cold enough to do the job.
The Title of Snow Maker
Believe it or not, it takes a specialist to run a snow maker. Ironically, this specialist is also called a snow maker. The snow maker is a skilled professional. The snow maker's job is to know when conditions are right for making snow. Snow makers must adjust the snow making machines according to weather conditions. Otherwise, the mechanical snow maker cannot make snow. This is a complicated job in which humidity pays an essential part. High humidity can produce snow at higher than normal winter temperatures. There are other factors as well, which make snow making a complicated process.
Different Types of Snow
Here in Colorado ski country we all know the term 'fresh powder' means it's time to go skiing. Different types of Bucceri Snow Making are used for different types of snow sports. Light powder makes a smoothly gliding ski surface. Wet snow is great for an underlying base. That's what they are talking about when they say snow pack. Ideal conditions for skiing mean a good snow pack covered by fresh powder, a drier snow. One of the advantages of snow makers is the ability to generate fresh powder throughout ski season. This is why snow makers are essential equipment for successful ski resorts.

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The Best, Affordable Snow Making Machines

Snow during the Holidays can be the perfect setting to a picture perfect Christmas. But, what do you do if it doesn't snow where you live? There is a modern answer to that question. Most movies filmed in the snow, aren't filmed in real snow at all. In fact, fake snow has been around for years, and years, but it's only recently that Hollywood technology was made affordable. Now you can have your own white Christmas, even if it's bright and sunny outside. There are several options, and styles of snow machines to choose from, with prices that range from hundreds to thousands of dollars. The more affordable snow machines vary in quality, this guide will help you decide which Snow Machine is right for your family.
You can use this snowman for both indoor, and outdoor use, which is wonderful fun at Christmas parties. Your snowflakes spray up to 15 feet from a small bowl the snowman is holding, and the snow looks really cute when there is a breeze outside, and it also has a remote control. The downside of this machine however, might just outweigh the good. Even though the snow is cute, the noise isn't.
The SM - 80 Snow-machine Chauvet is another style of snow machine that might be more suitable for you. It is a basic small black box that is 13 inches X 6 inches X 7 inches big. This little machine warms up immediately, and has an adjustable snow coverage. It also runs off from a standard 110v cord, and is also adaptable to a 230v. You can use this little guy both inside, and out, plus it can be mounted on the ceiling, or in a tree for a more realistic effect. The total weight of this little machine is just a little over 5 pounds, making it extremely easy for anyone to use.

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Bucceri Snow Making can provide snow for all types of events

It seems to be true that when there is no snow on the ground in cities there are few skiers on the mountain. In this age of high-tech Snow Making Machine there always seems to be enough snow on the ground. Bucceri Snow Making can provide real snow for all tpyes of events and activities. Shopping Centre Promotions. Snow for Hotel Winter Parties, Snow For Annual Shows, Snow For Theme Parks, Snow for Schools, Snow for concerts and Snow Bars, Snow for work Place Functions, Snow for all occasions.
Phillip island nature reserve uses our snow to accract a large crowd during the July 2011 school holidays.
Japan Tourism Display promoting their ski resorts in Sydney and Melbourne October 2010. The Client wanted a snow display that would be located in a prominent City location to attract predestrians and offer them holiday packages to the Japanese Resorts. We provided the Snow Making Equipment and staff to the client's agent.
Also, the snow days for school kids. The event provide 800 children with the opportunity to experience a snow tropical Queensland. For most this was the first time they'd ever seen snow! 20 tonnes of snow were blasted onto the school oval for one day only! 5 activity stallons set up as part of event site, encouraging the children to interact with the snow in different ways, front building snow men, throwing snow balls at targets and riding on donuts downs a giant snow slide! All the children were enjoy the funny snow day in this snow event!
Bucceri Snow Making will provide more and more funny and exciting snow days for you.

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Snow Tubing for Kids

Sliding down my parents' front lawn is one of my fondest childhood memories. Since we had the steepest hill on the block, all of the neighborhood kids would come over with their sleds. The skies were blue, the snow was plentiful and we were so active we never felt cold. The worst parts of the day were dragging my sled back up the hill and nightfall when the fun would end.
I have tried to recreate those magical days for my son in New York City but the logistics are challenging—especially this winter when there's barely been any snow at all. But even when the white stuff does fall, lugging a sled on the subway is a drag. And just where am I supposed to store a sled in my apartment anyway?
That's why every winter, we jump in our car and hit a nearby snow tubing spot. It's a wonderful winter activity that reminds me of those carefree days sledding at my childhood home. No skill is required, and the only things you need are a tube, a hill and snow, which are all provided by the parks. Just dress in warm duds and you are good to go.
We've rounded up 11 ski resorts in New York, New Jersey, Pennsylvania and Connecticut that offer snow tubing, most less than a two-hour drive from midtown Manhattan.
Tubing isn’t exactly the same as sledding and it is a little pricey. However, the positives far outweigh the negatives. The resorts a ton of Snow Making so you don't have to depend on Mother Nature; you don’t have to lug your tube back up the hill (in fact at some resorts, you don’t even have to lug yourself back up the hill); tubes go way faster than sleds and the sessions are pretty short so you can’t get too cold. And if you do need to warm up, there are always indoor snack stands with hot cocoa.
Many resorts have timed sessions that start on the hour or half hour, which means you can’t just drop in, especially on weekends. There are often height, weight and age restrictions, and waivers to sign, so be sure to check the respective websites before you head out.

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Dream World Theme Park Winter Snow Party

Bucceri snow making hosting a theme park winter snow party in June 2010.
Dreamworld and WhiteWater World have turned up the chill factor these school holidays with two new products: a price freezing $69 unlimited world pass valid through to December 24 and a brrrr-illiant new Winter Wonderland night time spectacular that adds snow play, snow slides, and southern lights to Dreamworld’s already hot ride lineup. Hurry, both offers are available these school holidays only.
Families can get a taste of the snow these school holidays without leaving Queensland when Dreamworld drops the mercury on Australia’s hottest theme park and transforms parts of Main Street into a cool Winter Wonderland each night. The additional two hours of snow play is included in the $69 unlimited pass.
From June 26 until July 16, the Dreamworld snow patrol will pump out 10,000 kilograms of frozen fun each evening to create a four-lane, 40-metre long manufactured “mountain” of snow. Using oversized inflatable snow tubes, visitors over 120 cm can skim, spin, bump and whizz down the icy dune.
Meanwhile, little kids can cuddle up with mum and dad in the Snow Puppies Playground where they can toss snowballs at colourful targets, build snow monsters and shape their own snow angels using tiny bodies and flapping limbs to make an impression in the snow field.
The evening climaxes with the latest installment of Illuminate, a 30 minute light and laser spectacular inspired by Aurora Australis, the great Southern Lights that dance above the Antarctic.
Audiences will witness a fictitious battle between Aurora, the Goddess of Dawn and Charon, the God of Fire as fire twirlers and dancers help chronicle the tale of how good overcame evil to bring on the Ice Age.
Using technology developed by Laservision – the creators behind the world’s largest light and laser production, The Hong Kong Symphony of Lights – high powered lasers will project hundreds of celestial colours into the night sky while live performers add humour to the production.
Dreamworld’s CEO, Noel Dempsey said Illuminate Winter Wonderland delivers a completely new night time experience and adds the novelty of snow play to Dreamworld’s high-octane thrill rides.
“Not only do you get to experience some of the world’s best thrill rides and water slides for an unbelievable $69 valid through to December 24, you also get a real Winter experience for three weeks these school holidays,” he said.
The decision to bring in the snow is largely based on the novelty factor he explained.
“Family holidays to the snow can be upwards of a few thousand dollars and most families I’ve met from this part of the world haven’t seen snow. For the price of entry into Dreamworld, they can have a blue-sky day on rides or slides and then experience the fun and novelty of a snow holiday without the price tag of travel.”
Mr Dempsey advises families to rug up for the night time event.
“Despite evening temperatures hovering around 10 to 15 degrees Celsius, the snow is real and it’s frozen,” he added.
“Anyone who stumbles will definitely know they are experiencing something frosty.”
Dreamworld’s Illuminate Winter Wonderland runs from June 26 through to July 16 starting at 5pm and is complimentary for all paying day guests. Tickets can be purchased separately at the gate as a standalone evening activity at $15 for adults, $10 for children and $35 for families of four. Each additional child is $5. A variety of food and beverages will be available for purchase.
Dreamworld and WhiteWater World’s $69 unlimited pass is available for purchase from June 15 until July 17 and valid for travel until December 24, 2010.
How Winter Wonderland works:
• Everyday between 4.00 and 5.00pm, a snow cannon will pump 10,000 kg of ice over a specially constructed 10 x 40 metre ramp that peaks at four metres in height.
• The snow slope opens at 5.00pm allowing guests taller than 120cm to grab an inflatable tube and slide down individual chutes, racing family members or going it alone.
• The Snow Puppies Playground is approx 6m x 6m in size and is accessible for children under 120 cm and their accompanying adults. Children can build snow folk, make snow angels and take part in lobbing snowballs at specific targets.
• The Illuminate Winter Wonderland is second installment of the Illuminate Light and Laser Show, this time featuring a tale of how Aurora Australis came to being. The show starts after 6 pm and runs for 30 minutes.
• Melted snow is channeled into Dreamworld’s purpose-built retention pond and is recycled for irrigation purposes.

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Brisbane snow show 2012

THE BRISBANE SNOW SHOW IS BACK!Brisbane's leading ski travel operators are proud to present the Brisbane Snow Show to the public on the 17-18 March 2012.Come and talk face to face with the Snow experts and find out all you need to know:
Where to go?
How to get there?
Where to stay?
Ski Gear?
Lift Tickets?
There's plenty to talk about, so take the pain out of all the on-line research and come on down and talk to the people that work and live at the snow.The Brisbane Snow Show will highlight the leading resorts, accommodation providers, wholesalers, transportation providers for Australia, New Zealand, Japan, Canada, USA & Europe in a 2 day Brisbane Snow Show.
This is a great opportunity to come and research your next ski holiday and take advantage of great ski deals and 'on the day' specials.
The show is also a great starting point for planning your next trip to the Northern Hemisphere ski resort and a good chance to take advantage of early bird specials and the best flight deals.

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Wilston winter magic fair

If you want to go some place special this winter instead of sitting around at home, then the Wilston Winter Magic Fair is the place for you. Bucceri Snow Making offers a great way to enjoy a snow holiday during on Jun 3 in wilston village, Brisbane.
For one day wilston village will be closed off to traffic and transformed into a snow covered winter wonderland as the community converges on Kedron Brook RD to celebrate the start of winter and village life.
After a hiatus of nine years, the fair is back on and is set to be bigger and better than ever. There will be plenty to see and do, including Rides for children, a winter dog snow, fashion paraders from local boutiques, magic shows, performances by the Wilston State School choir, amateur dance hour, a circus of clowns and acrobats and fabulous food and wine from the local cafes and restaurants are all part of the fabulous family friendly programme that will run into the evening.
The fair has been quite an attraction in the community, and organisers are busy trying to create the 'family feel' for the fair once again this year. Since the last fair in 2003, residents have been eager to have the fair back again, and in June this will become a reality.
For a full-on eight hours, there will be heaps of fun and activities which are sure to delight people of all ages. So grab your friends and family and head to the Wilston Winter Magic Fair coming up this June.

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Bucceri's snow systems

Making good snow is an art. Since conditions often vary widely in a skiing area, it is nearly impossible to obtain the right ratiosin all of your snowguns manually.
Bucceri's snow systems are built for extreme conditions and ease of maintenance. Versatile, Robust, High Capacity, Patended, Australian Made, All Weather Snow Maker. Fully automated snow making systems for Ski resorts, Indoor Ski centers, Theme parks and Industrial Applications from 10 to 10,000 Cubic Metres Daily.
Bucceri snow making did much snow event in 2011, such as: Red bull snow party at the chalk hotel carpark, many people join us and enjoy this big snow party; Snow tubing at the Busan film festival and etc. Also, from the 30th of June until the 15th of July, the Hunter Valley Gardens will hosting the first ever snow time event. It will bring a traditional winter experience to the people.
We can provide a Fully automated Snow Making System That will make fresh snow every day of the year at any temperature. Fully guaranteed production. Bucceri's system gives you all the conditions you need for a good work environment and great results.

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From the 30th of June until the 15th of July the Hunter Valley Gardens will transform the Formal Garden into an enchanting winter wonderland complete with a skating rink for the whole family to enjoy. A number of fabulous icy experiences will take place daily in the snow garden that people of all ages will love.
General Manager, Kyle McKendry says, “We are very excited to be hosting our first ever Snow Time event at the Hunter Valley Gardens. We are looking forward to bringing a traditional winter experience to the people of the Hunter Region. This is an event that will not disappoint.”
Snow Garden activities include:

  • Skating Rink
    Whether you’re an experienced skater or a first timer all who participate will have a ball. Have a go with friends mastering play ground favourites like what’s the time Mr Wolf or Red Rover on ice.
    The cool crisp vibe is set by the disco lights, music and smoke machines which enable you to lose yourself in this magical winter wonderland. Skating sessions are limited and must be pre-booked on arrival at the Gardens.
  • Snow Angels Play Zone (10am – 4pm) (6pm – 10pm)
    This play zone gives everyone the chance to experience the fun that can be had with a blanket of snow. The kids will be able to get knee deep in the snow and practice making the perfect snow angel.
  • Snow Tubing (10am – 4pm) (6pm – 10pm)
    Gather your friends and race each other at snow tubing. Two inflatable icy slopes side by side give you the ultimate sledging experience in Australia. Twist, turn and slide your way to the finish line for some exhilarating fun.
  • Snow Ball Challenge (10am – 4pm) (6pm – 9.30pm)
    Every child can re-enact their Snow Time dream by participating in the snow ball challenge. Win points by throwing snow balls at family and friends. It’s a great way to interact with loved ones and have some good old fashioned fun.
  • Snow Time Treasure Hunt (9am – 5pm)
    The all day treasure hunt let’s you explore the magnificent gardens in search of hidden snow flakes. With intriguing cryptic word puzzles, it’s a real brain teaser that whole family can enjoy.
    As night falls, the “Snow Time Garden” transforms into a, twinkling winter wonderland. With glistening fairy lights and captivating music you will be transported into a dazzling world of surreal tranquillity.
    ‘Chill’ at the performance stage from 7pm till 9pm and be mesmerised by ice queens, stilt walkers, magicians and much more.
    Warm food and beverages will be served all day to keep your tummies satisfied.
    So come along and explore this magnificent winter experience for the first time at Hunter Valley Gardens.

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    Bucceri snow making

    With Bucceri Snow Making equipment you can have snow at anytime of the year - summer or winter, inside or outside. The falling snow does not just dissipate it totally evaporates leaving no slippery residue or stains - perfect for Christmas and winter themed events, parties, theatre productions, product launches and other major events. The snow is biodegradable, non-allergenic and non-toxic.
    Bucceri has created excitement throughout the world with their incredible realistic snow displays. These machines are used in Red Bull 2011, Snow days for school kids, SeaWorld Gold Coast, Japan Tourism, Anaconda Store Brisbane etc. In Australia they have been used in Carols By Candlelight (Ch 9), Myer Christmas windows, Christmas Spectacular at Crown Casino, Bonds parade Melbourne Fashion Festival, Big Day Out, Cold Mountain world premiere Sydney, The Lion, The Witch and The Wardrobe, Santa's Kingdom, Samsung Winter Olympic Torch Relay Federation Square, "Frozen in Time" Sovereign Hill, Evanescence Australian national tour 2007, Luna Park Melbourne, Harbourtown at Docklands, Scenic World in the Blue Mountains and the Great Moscow Circus.
    Other uses include convention centres, music festivals, shopping centres, hotels and resorts, trade shows, retail window displays, TV commercials, music videos, product and fashion photography shoots, weddings, sporting, corporate events and art installations.
    Bring the magic of snow to your events. Snow and Snow Making Machine available for all forms of Events Small and Large.

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    Costs of Snow-Making

    To cover several ski trails with manmade snow, you need a lot of water. According to SMI Snow Makers, it takes about 75,000 gallons (285,000 liters) of water to create a 6-inch blanket of snow covering a 200x200-foot area (61x61 meters). The system in a good-sized ski slope can convert 5,000 to 10,000 gallons (18,927 to 37,854 liters) of water to snow every minute!
    Water is not a huge expense for ski resorts, however; and pumping this much water isn't incredibly bad for the environment. Most resorts pump water from one or more reservoirs located in low-lying areas. The run-off water from the slopes feeds back into these reservoirs, so the resort can actually use the same water over and over again. Moving this water around can have some negative effects on plant and animal life, though, so ski slopes must work hard to keep water levels fairly balanced.
    A significant environmental concern, and one of a resort's biggest expenses, is power consumption. If a slope uses compressed air in its snow guns, it has to provide a lot of energy to run the large air-compressing pumps. It also needs a pump system to provide the water to the snow makers. These pumps are often run by diesel engines, which expel a high level of air pollution.
    Ski resorts that use airless snow guns also need a good amount of power to run the machines' fans. These types of snow guns consume a lot less energy for every foot of snow they produce, but they are still major power draws. For most ski resorts, power consumption is the second biggest operating expense, just behind labor costs (snow-making alone requires a lot of manpower). No matter what sort of technology a resort uses, Snow Making accounts for a high percentage of this power use.
    Because of the expense of making snow, ski resorts have to develop a good strategy for when and where they are going to use their machines. A lot of the work involved in snow-making is the task of balancing the cost of running the machines with the benefits of extending the ski season. Efficient snow-makers make sure they don't waste power making snow where it won't do any good, and they are very careful to make snow only when it will stick around.
    As we've seen, snow-makers have to take many variables into account to cover a slope with ideal skiing snow. The idea behind manmade snow is extremely simple; but actually getting it to work effectively is quite a feat. Many snow-makers describe the job as a challenging marriage of science and art -- the basic elements are precise weather measurements and expensive machinery, but you need instinct, improvisation and creativity to get it exactly right.

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    Other Uses of Manmade Snow

    The most widespread market for Snow Making Machine is the ski resort industry. But manmade snow has a number of other uses as well. For example, snow-making machines have played a big part in many movie productions. Movie producers often take several months to shoot scenes that take place in the span of a few days. If the movie takes place in a snowy setting, the set decorators have to get the right amount of snow for each day of shooting. Depending on the weather, this could mean melting natural snow or adding manmade snow.
    Snow Making plays a part in agriculture as well. A good coating of snow keeps a lot of the earth's heat from escaping into the atmosphere, so farmers often use it as an insulator for winter crops. The insulation effect keeps the crops from freezing, even when the temperature drops well below 32 degrees Fahrenheit (0 C).
    Another use of manmade snow is for testing aircraft equipment. Because they fly so high in the atmosphere, airplanes must be able to hold up in very cold, very snowy conditions. Snow-making machines let aircraft designers test how airplane equipment will react to these conditions.
    There is also a consumer market for small Snow Making Machine and manmade snow services. Some homeowners will shell out hundreds of dollars to give their yard and house an attractive coating of snow for the Christmas season, or just to give the kids a special treat. People who really love a snowy yard can invest in a personal snow-making machine. These models, which typically cost thousands of dollars, hook up to an ordinary garden hose and a standard electrical outlet. Just like the ski slope machines, these models use a lot of water and a lot of power; but they're fairly easy to operate.

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    Getting the Perfect Mix

    So we've seen that the basic idea of snow guns is pretty simple. Actually making snow can be a bit more complex, however. The wet bulb temperature has to be low enough, and snow-makers must carefully balance the levels of water and air to get the desired results.
    There are all different kinds of snow. The main difference between snow types is how much water a certain volume of snow holds. Snow-makers often talk about dry snow and wet snow. Dry snow has a relatively low amount of water, so it is very light and powdery. This type of snow is excellent for skiing because skis glide over it easily without getting stuck in wet slush.
    One of the advantages of using a snow maker is that you can make sure the slope's surface level always has this ideal, powdery snow. Wet snow also plays an important role on ski slopes, however. Resort owners use this denser snow to build up the snow level on well-travelled trails. Many resorts build up the snow depth this way once or twice a year, and then regularly coat the trails with a layer of dry snow throughout the winter.
    The density, or wetness, of snow is dependent on the temperature and humidity outside, as well as the size of the water droplets launched by the gun. Snow-makers have to adjust the proportions of water and air in their snow guns to get the perfect snow consistency for the outdoor weather conditions. Since temperature and humidity levels vary considerably from point to point on a ski slope, snow-makers have to adjust each machine accordingly.
    This process has gotten a little bit easier recently with the introduction of new technology. Many ski slopes now control their snow guns with a central computer system that is hooked up to weather-reading stations all over the slope. The computers make a determination of the best snow-and-air mix based on the temperature and relative humidity at a given point. These systems do not always get the mix right, of course, but they are a great snow-making aid.

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    Snow-Making Conditions

    As we've seen, the main job of Snow Making Machines is to do the work of snow-making clouds that occur naturally in the atmosphere. These machines do not make snow under just any conditions, however -- you need to have the right kind of ground weather, just as you need the right kind of ground weather for natural snow to make it to the earth and then stick. To figure out when to make snow, and to make sure they get the right kind of snow, ski resorts depend on the expertise of experienced snow machine operators, commonly called snow-makers.
    So how do snow-makers determine if the conditions are right? It turns out they need a lot more information than they can get from an ordinary thermometer. Standard thermometers measure the dry bulbtemperature of the atmosphere; but the most important factor for snow conditions is the wet bulbtemperature.
    The wet bulb temperature is a function of the dry bulb temperature and the relative humidity, the amount of water vapor in the air. Liquid or solid water cools itself by evaporating some water as water vapor. This releases heat, and so lowers the energy level in the water. When there is more water vapor in the atmosphere, water or snow can't evaporate as much because the air is already saturated with water to a high degree. Consequently, water cools more slowly when the humidity is high, and more quickly when the humidity is low.
    For this reason, humidity is a very important factor in determining snow conditions. If the humidity level is low enough, you can actually get snow even when the dry bulb temperature is several degrees above freezing. If the relative humidity is 100 percent, then the wet bulb temperature and the dry bulb temperature will be exactly the same. But even if both are at the freezing temperature, you might get rain instead of snow because the air saturation slows the cooling process down so much.
    If the temperature is around 30 F (-1 C), you need a fairly low relative humidity (less than 30 percent) for good snow-making conditions. If the temperature is less than 20 F (-6.7 C), you can make snow fairly easily even if the relative humidity is 100 percent. A temperature in the teens is ideal for Snow Making.

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    Manmade Snow

    In the last section we saw that snow forms when water vapor condenses in cold enough temperatures, often around a nucleator, and becomes an ice crystal. So, the main things you need to manufacture snow are water and cool temperatures.
    It helps the process along if you mix a nucleator of some sort into the water supply. The water will already contain lots of stuff that can act as nucleators, but increasing the count is a good idea because it ensures that more water droplets will freeze before they reach the ground. One of the most widely used nucleators is a natural protein called Snowmax that is especially good at attracting water molecules.
    The traditional type of snow gun produces water droplets by combining cooled water and compressed air. On a ski slope, you'll notice that these guns are attached to two different hoses that run to air and water hydrant stations, respectively. The hydrants are hooked up to two different lines which run under the snow or even underground. One pumps in water from a lake, pond or reservoir and the other pumps in high-pressure air from an air compressor.
    The compressed air serves three major functions:
    It atomizes the water -- that is, disrupts the stream so that the water splits into many tiny droplets.
    It blows the water droplets into the air.
    It helps cool the water droplets as they fly into the air.
    This last step is an added bonus of using compressed air. When air is compressed, the different air particles are pushed tightly together, which means they don't move around as much. When the air is released, the particles spread out and move more freely. This means the particles are using more energy, absorbing heat from the area around them and thus cooling the air around the water droplets.
    Another common type of Snow Machine is called an airless snow gun. Airless snow guns use simple nozzles (similar to the ones you find on household spray bottles) to atomize the water into a fine mist. The water droplets are then blown up into the air by a powerful fan. The main advantage of this design is that you don't have to hook the snow gun up to a compressed-air supply -- you only have to provide water and a power source. Some other snow gun designs actually atomize the water with high-speed fans.
    A Kid Wizzard airless snow gun
    Photo courtesy SMI Snow Makers
    It takes a lot of energy to change water from a liquid to a solid. You have to remove the water's heat of fusion, the large amount of heat energy required to change ice into liquid water at 32 F (0 C). If it's cold enough, the natural conditions outside will be sufficient for freezing the water; but if it is only a little below freezing, you may need additional components to help the process along. Some snow machines have special cooling units to speed the freezing process when the natural conditions aren't cold enough to do the job.
    To give the water enough time to freeze before it falls to the ground, many resorts use snow gun towers. These are simply sturdy poles that elevate the snow gun above the slope. Another advantage of this set-up is that the snow guns can be less disruptive to skiers. And the snow falls from above, as it would naturally.
    Super Wizzard snow guns mounted on towers
    Photo courtesy SMI Snow Makers
    In most resorts, workers will accumulate a big pile of manmade snow and then disperse it along the trail with snow-grooming equipment. Snow groomers are just tractors with very wide tracks that spread the snow around and compact it to make it dry and powdery. For ski resorts, regular grooming is an essential part of the snow-making process.

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    How Nature Makes Snow

    One common notion is that Snow Making Machine is artificial. This is not really the case -- it's actually the same stuff that falls out of the sky, it's just created by a machine rather than by weather conditions. The machine works very differently than a weather system, but it accomplishes exactly the same thing. To understand how machines make snow, it's a good idea to first look at how snow occurs naturally.
    Snow comes from water vapor in the atmosphere. Clouds form when the water vapor (water in gas form) in the atmosphere cools to the point that it condenses -- that is, changes from a gas into a liquid or solid. The droplets in a cloud are so light that the air in the atmosphere keeps them aloft. If the droplets get too heavy, they fall in the form of precipitation. If it is cold enough, this water vapor doesn't condense as liquid water droplets, but instead as tiny ice crystals. In most parts of the world, rain generally starts out as snow but melts as it falls through the atmosphere (it is very cold at cloud level, even in the summertime).
    Oddly enough, water doesn't automatically freeze at "freezing temperature" -- 32 degrees Fahrenheit / 0 degrees Celsius. You have to cool pure water to a much lower temperature (as low as -40 F / -40 C) for it to lose enough heat energy to change form. Usually, however, water in a cloud does freeze around 32 F / 0 C because of the work of nucleators, tiny bits of naturally-occurring material that help water molecules coalesce. The nucleators attract water molecules, which reduces their energy to the point that they form ice crystals. The nucleators in snow crystals are just dirt bits, bacteria and other material floating around in the atmosphere. Water condenses onto the nucleator, which becomes the nucleus -- the center -- of the snow crystal.
    As the snow crystal moves around the cloud, more water particles condense onto it and freeze into crystals. The collection of individual crystals forms a snow flake. As the snow flake grows heavier, it falls toward the earth. If it is cold enough the whole way down, the flake will still be frozen when it reaches the surface.

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    How Snow Makers Work

    In the ear­ly to mid 20th century, the sport o­f snow skiing skyrocketed in popularity. As more and more people discovered the sport and made it a yearly tradition,­ ski slopes became extremely profitable businesses. But resort owners had a major problem: In their line of work, success was completely dependent on the weather. If it didn't snow, or didn't snow enough, they had to close everything down until the weather decided to cooperate. In many parts of the world, the skiing season was limited to a month or two.
    The solution, of course, was to figure out a way to Snow Making when you needed it, in case nature failed to provide. The result was an invention called the snow gun. This device proved useful even when natural snow was plen­tiful because it gave resort owners greater control over the consistency of the top layer of snow, allowing them to create better skiing conditions. These days, Snow Making Machine are standard equipment in the vast majority of ski resorts around the world. They have made it possible for many resorts to stay open four months or more a year, and there are even a few indoor slopes that stay open year-round!
    Snow makers can be a skier’s best friend, but they’re also valuable to indoor ice climbing facilities. Check out the ice climbing article, video and images at Discovery’s Fearless Planet to learn more.
    In this article, we'll look at these snow guns to see how they work, what they can do and how operators use them to create ideal skiing conditions. So the next time you go skiing, you'll know exactly where all that perfect snow is coming from!

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    Snowmaking guns

    There are many different forms of snowmaking guns, however they all share the basic principle of combining air and water to form snow. For most guns you can change the type or "quality" of snow by regulating the amount of water you are adding to the mixture. For others they are simply on or off and the snow quality is determined by the air temperature and humidity.
    In general there are three types of snowmaking guns: Internal Mixing, External Mixing and Fan Guns. These come in two main styles of makers: air water guns and fan guns.
    An air water gun can be mounted on a tower or on a stand on the ground. It uses higher pressure water and air, while a fan gun uses a powerful axial fan to propel the water jet to a great distance.
    A modern snow fan usually consists of one or more rings of nozzles which inject water into the fan air stream. A separate nozzle or small group of nozzles is fed with a mix of water and compressed air and produces the nucleation points for the snow crystals. The small droplets of water and the tiny ice crystals are then mixed and propelled out by a powerful fan, after which they further cool through evaporation in the surrounding air when they fall to the ground. The crystals of ice act as seeds to make the water droplets freeze at 0 °C(32 °F). Without these crystals water would supercool instead of freezing. This method can produce snow when the wet-bulb temperatureof the air is as high as -2 °C (28.4 °F). The lower the air temperature is, the more and the better snow a cannon can make. This is the main reason snow cannons are usually operated in the night. The mix of all water and air streams and their relative pressures is crucial to the amount of snow made and its quality.
    Modern snow cannons are fully computerized and can operate autonomously or be remotely controlled from a central location. Operational parameters are: starting and stopping time, quality of snow, max. wet-bulb temperature in which to operate, max. windspeed, horizontal and vertical orientation, sweeping angle to cover a wider area, sweeping may follow wind direction.
    Internal mixing guns have a chamber where the water and air get mixed together and violently forced out an opening or through holes and fall to the ground as snow. These guns are typically low to the ground on a frame or tripod and require a lot of air to compensate for the short hang time of the water. Some newer guns are built in a tower form and use much less air because of the increased hang time. The amount of water flow determines the type of snow that is to be made and is controlled by an adjustable water hydrant.
    External mixing guns have nozzles spraying water and air nozzles shooting air through the water stream to break it up into much smaller water particles. These guns are sometimes equipped with a set of internal mixing nozzles that are known a nucleators. These help create a nucleus for the water droplets to bond to. External mixing guns are typically tower guns and rely on a longer hang time to freeze the snow. This allows them to use much less air. External mixing guns are usually reliant on high water pressure to operate correctly so the water supply is opened completely and the flow can sometimes be regulated by valves on the gun.
    Fan Guns are much different than all other guns because they require electricity to power a fan and a hose with a spray/mist attachment. The hose sprays a mist, like the kind created from a spray bottle and fans propels the mist into the air to achieve the hang time. Fan guns have anywhere from 12 to 360 water nozzles on a ring that the fan blows through on the front of the gun. These banks can be shut on or off by valves. The valves are either manual, manual electric, or automatic electric (controlled by a computer).

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    About Snowmaking

    Snow Making is the production of snow by forcing water and pressurized air through a "snow gun" or "snow cannon", on ski slopes. Snowmaking is mainly used at ski resorts to supplement natural snow. This allows ski resorts to improve the reliability of their snow cover and to extend their ski seasons. Indoor ski slopes often use snowmaking. They are generally able to do so year-round as they have a climate-controlled environment.
    The production of snow requires low temperatures. The threshold temperature for snowmaking increases as humidity decreases. Wet bulb temperature is used as a metric since it takes air temperature and relative humidity into account. Snowmaking is a relatively expensive process in its energy use; thereby limiting its use.
    The key considerations in snow production are increasing water and energy efficiency and increasing the environmental window in which snow can be made.
    Snowmaking plants require water pumps and air compressors that are both very large and expensive. The production itself requires large amounts of energy[quantify]. It takes about 200,000 US gallons (757kL) of water to cover an acre to a depth of 1-foot (0.30 m)[citation needed].
    Snowmaking begins with a water supply such as a river or reservoir. Water is pushed up a pipeline on the mountain using very large electric pumps in a pump house. This water is distributed through an intricate series of valves and pipes to any trails that require snowmaking. Many resorts also add a nucleating agent to ensure that as much water as possible freezes and turns into snow. These products are organic or inorganic materials that facilitate the water molecules to form the proper shape to freeze into ice crystals. The products are non-toxic and biodegradable.
    Pump House & Air Plant Combo
    The next step in the snowmaking process is to add air using an air plant. This plant is often a building which contains electric or diesel industrial air compressors the size of a van or truck. However, in some instances air compression is provided using diesel-powered, portable trailer-mounted compressors which can be added to the system. Many fan-type snow guns have on-board electric air compressors, which allows for cheaper, and more compact operation. A ski area may have the required high-output water pumps, but not an air pump. Onboard compressors are cheaper and easier than having a dedicated pumping house. The air is generally cooled and excess moisture is removed before it is sent out of the plant. Some systems even cool the water before it enters the system. This improves the Snow Making Machine process as the less heat in the air and water, the less heat must be dissipated to the atmosphere to freeze the water. From this plant the air travels up a separate pipeline following the same path as the water pipeline.

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    Benefits of Snow Making Machines

    Snow Making Machine is a skier's or snowboarder's best friend. If you've ever visited a ski resort in less than optimal skiing conditions, you are well aware of their benefits.
    These marvelous machines make snow when Mother Nature does not cooperate. For example, when it fails to snow during your expensive ski weekend, snow making equipment will come to the rescue. Additionally, snow machines can extend the season.
    While most ski seasons run from December to March, snow making equipment creates ski seasons that begin in November and last through April. In fact, in some sections of Colorado, snow guns can help resorts open as early as October and close as late as June. So how do snow making machines work? In order to answer this question, you must first understand some facts about snow.
    How Does Snow Making Equipment Work?
    Just as Mother Nature uses nucleators to attract water molecules, Snow Making mix a nucleator into the water supply. Nucleators is a combination of organic and inorganic products, which are non-toxic and biodegradable.
    Turning Water into Snow
    The Snow Making Machine use water from a river or a local reservoir. Large electric pumps push the water up a pipe line and on to the mountain. The added nucleating agent helps the water freeze and turn into snow. When the water reaches the mountain, the machine distributes it as snow to the trails.
    Air Compression and Snow Making
    If you look at a typical snow making machine, also known as a snow gun or snow cannon, you will notice two hoses. One pumps water and the other pumps air. The air pump splits the water into many tiny droplets. It also cools the water droplets and blows them into the air. If you've ever skied in an area when the snow guns are blowing, you may have thought it was actually snowing.
    Snow Grooming
    Once the machine dispenses the snow, snow groomers, which are wide-tracked tractors, disperse the snow throughout the trail. If you enjoy skiing on groomed trails, some resorts provide maps of groomed snow trails. Some resorts, such as Snowmass in Colorado, have a Noon Groom, which will use either natural or man-made snow depending upon weather conditions. Since this is when most people go to lunch, it's a great time to get out and enjoy the pure corduroy snow.

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    Spend a Snow Day with Kids

    If you haven't figured this out already, creating memories with your children can make for great fun! Here's a seasonal idea for those of us in "snowy" states that will bring lots of laughter and smiles! Take a day off of work and spend a snow day with the kids.
    Planning ahead shouldn't be limited to child-care options. Experts say you should also have a few activities in mind to keep youngsters occupied during the day. Nearly every parenting website we found suggested playing outdoors in the snow, making snowmen, building snow forts, sledding and the like. That's all well and good, but it's also an obvious choice. Even the most energetic kids are eventually going to get cold, wet or just bored with the snow.
    Outside snow activity can be a great bonding experience for families and friends. Playing in the snow can motivate people to get moving again and to enjoy the winter weather while engaging in physical activity. However, snow play should always be supervised by an adult. Keep children safe by taking certain measures and precautions when they are at play.

    Making snow at home with a power washer provides family fun during the cold months of the year, especially if you live in a colder climate but rarely see significant snowfall. To make snow with a pressure washer, you need a snow-making manifold and an air compressor. The air compressor super cools the air as it enters the manifold. The manifold combines the compressed air and water from the pressure washer. The mixture then exits the manifold through a nozzle and produces the snow "seeds.
    A snow machine provides the effect of real snow without needing a cold space to keep the snow fluffy. Snow machines are often compared to snow-making machines. A snow-making machine sends atomized water into cold air to make snow. Snow machines create bubbles from an industrial "snow fluid," forming a substance that looks like snow, but won't melt into a puddle. Knowing this difference can save you time and money.

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    How to snow tubing?

    Snow tubing is a popular activity for many people in winter climates. Riding a tube down a snow-covered hill requires little work since gravity provides the majority of the power. People who enjoy sporting activities like sledding often enjoy snow tubing. Place your snow tube on the crest of a snow covered hill, sit down and push off with your feet. Maintain a straight and steady course or change direction using your body weight.
    Snow tubes can spin in both directions making the slide more thrilling, as opposed to going downhill in a straight line. The rider also slides down a special snow tubing slope. Snow tubing is fast becoming a fun and super-trendy leisure activity for young and old. It's a good alternative for people who don't ski or snow board. Sliding down a hill is winter excitement at its best! Snow Tubing rides are usually a nominal charge for one slide or you can purchase hour slots for unlimited rides. An adult must usually accompany children, and venues will enforce age and height restrictions. However, many parks are now introducing gentler slopes, which are family-friendly and allow younger and shorter children to ride. You should check at individual locations for specific policies.
    While snow tubing is typically done by youngsters, it can be done by anyone of any age. Some snow tube enthusiasts go on complete vacations specifically so they can spend days and days snow tubing different hills.
    In the, we can Provide Snow Tubing Slopes in Any Length and Size for All Ages, 1 to 20 lane hills available for rental from 1 day to 6 monthsWe supply all the equipment including the Snow Tubes, Toboggans, Snow Machine and Snow Ramp. This is the most enjoyable winter recreational pursuit that can be enjoyed by people of all ages and is guaranteed to generate a lot of interest and add to your bottom line.

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    Snow Making: A Ski Holiday Helper

    The opening of ski season in the Swiss Alps brings visitors to myriad locations like Arosa, Flims, Grindelwald and Verbier. Ski chalets are opened up, ski lifts are set into motion and, most importantly of all, the operators of the country's ski slopes check that the snow quality is sufficiently high enough to please all the visitors. Sometimes this requires the use of snow making machines - a handy innovation that helps ensure consistent snow throughout the season, and even means skiers can arrive earlier in the winter and leave later in the spring.
    Early snowmaking
    The first snow cannon was made in 1950 by Art Hunt, Dave Richey and Wayne Pierce, but it only took off on a more widespread scale early in the 1970s. Now many ski resorts depend on snow making from snow cannons to keep their slopes in excellent condition. Guests in an Arosa or Verbier ski chalet, among many other places, will undoubtedly benefit from Hunt, Richey and Pierce's invention.
    How it works
    The basic principle of Snow Making is forcing water and pressurised air through the snow cannon (or snow gun) on the ski slopes. In modern snow cannons, there are two aspects of this process: water and compressed air are injected together to form tiny ice crystals, and then further droplets of water are injected into the air stream of the cannon's fan. The tiny ice crystals form "nucleation points" for the larger snow crystals to form around - the way a pearl needs a smaller object to form around.
    Air temperature and humidity affect the efficiency of this process. High humidity means the temperature must be lower for snow to form well, while the air temperature must always be below freezing. The process consumes huge amounts of power and resources - 200,000 gallons of water to cover an acre to a depth of 1 foot, according to one estimation - making it very expensive, but most resorts consider it worth the expense to please their customers and keep them coming back.
    Examples of use
    Ski resorts like Verbier rely on snow cannons. In Verbier's case, their slopes where snow naturally falls most reliably - the slopes of the Mont-Fort flakier and the runs to Tortin - are very steep, with much of it rated as off-piste. The slopes that most people in Verbier ski chalets and hotels want to use are at lower altitudes and often face south, exposed to warmer winds and weather fronts.
    As a result, snow making is used on the whole main run from Les Attelas down to Médran, the nursery slopes, La Chaux, some of the Savoleyres runs, and Veysonnaz-Thyon. This means that adequate slopes for skiers of all abilities are maintained throughout the season, making many a Verbier ski chalet renter very happy. The same is true elsewhere in Switzerland and other Alpine countries, such as Austria and Germany, and Snow Making Machine is used as far afield as Australia, where the Snowy Mountains of New South Wales boast a small selection of ski routes that often have to be artificially topped up.
    Earl Knudsen is Marketing Manager for Alpine Answers, a specialist ski travel agency, tour operator, and booking service, that are experts in finding you the perfect Verbier ski chalet or hotel for your ski holiday.

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    Go tubing on real snow at the Gaylord Texan

    What better way to chime in the holidays than with powdery white snow and a trip to the beautiful Gaylord Texan Hotel? North Texas typically doesn't get much of the white stuff, but the Gaylord Texan is changing that. For 2010, the Gaylord is offering a "Snow!" exhibit for adults and children alike. The attraction is a part of the Lone Star Christmas at the Gaylord at which guests can tour 1.5 million pounds of carved ice, stand beneath a towering Christmas tree and even meet Santa himself.
    SNOW! is a new Snow Event this year at the Gaylord Palms Resort near Orlando, Florida. It’s a winter carnival set up in a tent outside the hotel’s convention center.
    The main attraction is 40 tons of real snow, made with the same type of machine they use on ski slopes. There is a snow play area, a game where you can throw snowballs at targets, a snow tubing “hill,” booths with carnival games and a concession stand.
    Here are my tips for visiting this winter carnival:
    1.SNOW! is geared toward families with kids. If you don’t have kids in your party, it’s probably not worth adding it on to your ICE! ticket.
    2.SNOW! is run like an ice skating rink – in sessions. Each session starts on the hour, and lasts 45 minutes. So if you buy a ticket for the 11 a.m. snow session, plan to be in there from 11 a.m. to 11:45 a.m.
    3.Florida kids who never see snow will have fun in here because of the novelty. If you have traveled from somewhere where you get snow for your kids to play in, SNOW! probably isn’t worth it for you.
    4.It’s not THAT cold. The SNOW! tent is cooled to 60 degrees. The evening we went, it was colder than 60 outside and therefore colder than 60 inside, but it’s not 9 degrees like ICE!
    5.Don’t expect piles of fluffy snow to play in. The snow is packed in pretty hard and not easy to scoop up or play with.
    6.Don’t plan a snowball fight. The only snowball throwing allowed is toward targets in one area of SNOW! As a mom of a 7-year-old, I appreciate this. Older kids running around in snowball fights could wind up with smaller ones getting hurt. But I saw some dads who had planned snowball fights with younger kids who were disappointed.
    7.There is a quieter play area for toddlers and preschoolers. You can separate the teeny-tinys from the rest of the kids for safety.
    8.The tubing hill is obviously the main attraction here. I recommend bypassing it at first and doing the other activities, because most people in your session will head there first. Toward the end of the session, the lines for tubing are shorter.
    9.The carnival games in booths at the front of SNOW! are fun and free. You win raffle tickets, and at the end of the session, a ticket is drawn and a toy prize is awarded to one child.

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    Some tips for Snow Tubing

    1. Go Before You Go: The facilities near Butternut's Tubing Center are limited to porta-potties (brr!), so you may want to use restrooms elsewhere, such as at the Lower Lodge, before you head for the tubing hill.
    2. Bring Cash: You can use a credit card to pay for your tubing tickets ($18 per person for a two-hour session as of 2011), but it's still a good idea to have a few bucks on you. There's no place near the Tubing Center at Ski Butternut to duck inside and warm up, so when your kids start clamoring for snacks, which are sold at the ticketing building, you'll want to be able to pull out a few dollars.
    3. Be Prepared to Climb: One of the beauties of tubing at Ski Butternut is that the handle lift makes it easy to ride back up the hill in your tube between runs. That said, the tubing lift isn't the speediest thing in the world, and on busy days, a long line forms. If you want to maximize your tubing time, you'll probably find yourself trudging up the hill—instead of riding—most of the time.
    4. Hold On to Your Tube: When you reach the top of the tubing hill, place your tube's tow strap inside the tube, then be sure to hold onto the handles as you push off. At Ski Butternut, we were really impressed by how well visitors respected the rules, particularly waiting in line and allowing the person in front to reach the bottom of the hill before starting out. You also need to hold onto your tube between runs: Don't walk away from it, even for a moment, or someone who's been waiting for a tube is liable to grab it.
    5. Go Faster: My first run down the tubing hill took my breath away, but after that initial exhilaration, the experience was sheer fun: not scary at all. If you're an adrenaline junkie, you'll find that the lanes in the shade to the far left of the hill as you look up are fastest. And here's another speed tip: Lift your bottom up out of your tube, and you'll have more momentum.

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    How is Artificial Snow Made?

    A number of tourist-oriented cities in temperate or hot areas contain large, insulated buildings filled with artificial snow for people to ski on. These artificial snow slopes can be found in Germany, Japan, and even some Middle Eastern countries, such as Dubai, in the United Arab Emirates. These structures produce realistic looking and feeling snow for snowboarding and skiing year-round. Artificial snow is also produced in the entertainment industry for use as a prop or backdrop.
    How is it possible to produce artificial snow? Several components are necessary. First, the wall of the structure containing the snow must be insulated extremely well. Double-skinned insulated walls are commonly used. In some artificial snow slopes, the insulation is so good that it would take weeks for the snow to melt, even if all cooling systems were turned off.
    Snow is created at the roof of the building where "snow guns" use compressed air to fire tiny ice pellets (10 micron diameter) into a cloud of atomised liquid water. Giant refrigeration systems reduce the overall temperature of the interior to -8°C (17.6°F). Sometimes other seed materials besides ice pellets are used, such as magnesium ions, calcium, or clay particles or organics. Any small impurities will work, to a certain extent. The seed material that makes the most realistic looking artificial snow is a freeze-dried protein powder derived from the bacteria Pseudomonas syringae called Snomax®, but ice pellets are used most frequently.
    As the seed particles travel through the water vapor and down towards the floor, they accumulate snow crystals and turn into artificial snow. The idea is for all the particles to freeze before they hit the ground. Underneath the floor, systems using glycol and liquid ammonia cool the floor further, creating an ideal padding of artificial snow that closely simulates natural conditions.

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    Snow Tubing at Ski Butternut in Massachusetts

    Snow tubing is a thrilling winter activity that is a perfect alternative for non-skiers. Over Martin Luther King Day weekend in January 2010, my family and I headed to the Ski Butternut Tubing Center in the Berkshires of western Massachusetts for our first snow tubing experience (watch the video!). My daughter's friend and her family joined us, too, and the seven of us were soon careening down the slick slopes and having the time of our lives.These tips from our snow tubing outing will help you get the most out of tubing at Ski Butternut.
    1.Save Time: Before you leave home, print out copies of the Ski Butternut Tubing Release and Assumption of Risk Agreement and complete them in the warm comfort of your home or car, rather than at the Tubing Center ticket window.
    2.Arrive Early: Ski Butternut's tubing facility opens at 10 a.m. on most weekends and holidays. We visited on a fair weather Saturday, and when we arrived at 11:30 a.m., not only was it difficult to find parking near the Tubing Center, there were no snow tubes available. Lines to obtain tubes were even longer when we left at 2:30 p.m.
    3.Get Your Tube First: We joined many other visitors in making the mistake of queuing up at the ticket window, where we expected snow tubers would return their tubes as their two-hour time slots expired. Wrong. On busy days, you need to be aggressive on arrival and wait at the bottom of the tubing hill to get your hands on Snow Machine as they become available. Unfortunately, staff at Ski Butternut was very ineffective at communicating this procedure and ill-equipped to manage the crowd, and they were surly to boot when customers asked questions about the process.
    4. Bundle Up: Jackets, scarves, hats and gloves are a must, even on a seemingly warm day. Snow pants, however, aren't really necessary: I wore jeans and didn't really get wet. It was in the mid-40s when we left Connecticut, but it was distinctly cooler at Ski Butternut, plus, the ride down the tubing hill is quite a chilly thrill. That said, we felt coldest during the hour we spent standing around waiting to acquire tubes.
    5. Consider a Helmet: While helmets are not required, they may be a good idea, especially for younger children. While there are no formal age requirements for snow tubing at Butternut, children must be able to comfortably and safely ride in their own tubes: They are not allowed to ride on a parent or other adult's lap. We brought our seven-year-old daughter's bicycle helmet along just in case but didn't feel she needed to wear it once we saw the facility. During our two-hour session, we didn't observe any wipeouts or dangerous activity. You know your children best, however, and might want to consider a helmet, particularly for their first tubing experience.

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    Summer Snow Tubing - Without the Snow?

    Snow tubing is one of the fastest growing winter sports. But what happens when the weather turns warm? There are a number of new synthetic materials out there that make summer tubing just as much fun as the winter - and with warm weather too!
    The first material is a lot like the artificial turf on sports fields. It is a bit stiffer and has fairly short blades of "grass". The tubes are the same ones as the ones used in the winter, but they have a special hard bottom that makes them faster on the turf. The hard bottoms may also be used in winter when the snow gets slow due to warmer temperatures. The Snow tubing lanes have side walls that are also covered with the material so you stay in the lane without any effort. The ride tends to be a bit smoother than snow, but also a bit noisier. The lanes get faster when the temperature is lower, or when they get wet so early in the day is best for riding on a hot day.
    The other type of material is called uGxtreme. It looks like a plastic checkerboard with a half a marble on alternating squares. These squares snap together into tubing runs. This material also has side walls and uses the same tubes as winter tubing. This new material is smoother and faster than the turf style. It is also less noisy. Like the turf style, it gets faster when the air is cooler or when it has some moisture on it.
    All summer tubing operations have a lift to get you back to the top so the experience is very similar to snow tubing.

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    What is snow tubing?

    Snow tubing is a recreational winter activity that takes place by using an air-filled inner tube, or device that resembles an inner tube, to go downhill at a high rate of speed. Snow tubing can be done on a normal hill, just like sledding, or it can be done at a ski resort area. As more non-skiers are going to ski resort areas, it makes sense for these areas to offer something they can enjoy outdoors as well. These areas are often referred to as snow tubing parks.
    The skill required for snow tubing in a tubing park is minimal. There is no steering or stopping required. In some ways, it is like going down a straight water slide in a tube. Snow tubing runs usually have snow built up along each of the sides to keep the tube in a specific lane. At the end of a hill designed for snow tubing is a long run out, which gradually brings riders to a stop.
    Likewise, there is truly no skill needed for snow tubing on any snow-covered hill, though there are a few rules to keep in mind when not at a ski area. There should be no trees nearby, and there should be a long run out at the bottom for stopping. Unlike some sleds, the ability to control the direction of the tube is minimal. Therefore, if a rider gets into trouble, they may have few options — the most likely of which would be to bail out of the tube before disaster strikes.
    There are some variations that make snow tubing a very interesting activity. Some ski areas, for example, offer several lanes. This helps those who want to engage in a downhill race. Because everyone has their own lane and there is no danger of collision, these areas encourage safe racing. This is something that is often discouraged on the ski slopes, outside of organized races. Racing can also be done on other hills. Some may believe the increased chances of collision on these hills is an added benefit.
    Though most inner tubes could serve as snow inner tubes, there are ones that are specifically made for the activity. Some feature materials that are particularly resistant to cold. Many also feature a heavier gauge of material to help avoid puncturing on sticks or rocks that may be sticking out of the snow. Most also feature a layer of material over the bottom of the tube, meant to keep the individual rider dry.

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    Ski and boarding getaways even when there is no snow

    It seems to be true that when there is no snow on the ground in cities there are few skiers on the mountain. That’s a shame because in this age of high-tech Snow Making there always seems to be enough snow on the ground. Almost all of the major ski areas, and most of the smaller ones, have made the investment and the snow they produce is as good as the nature made thing.
    Skiing when there is no snow
    Most people are not quite aware of what is involved in producing these mountains of white stuff and recently Okemo Mountain, in Ludlow, Vermont, sent out a release documenting what it takes to coat their mountain in white. At this time, the beginning of the 2011-2012 season, the information in the release is helpful in letting us know how anyone can ski when there is no snow on the ground where they live and perhaps explain why those lift tickets cost as much as they do.
    What it takes to cover one mountain with snow
    Here is the pertinent part of the Okemo Mountain Resort release and, while reading it, keep in mind that while those the statistics vary from resort to resort, the same effort is made in each of the 61 ski areas in New England.

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    Brisbane's cool change, with a chance of snow

    Brisbane's redeveloped King George Square is about to undergo another major transformation, with a large ice skating rink and fake Snow Making Machine to be installed as part of a new festival.
    The Brisbane Winter Festival will bring about a cool change for the key CBD location, which has previously hit the headlines because of complaints about how hot the new design is.
    The festival, modelled on similar events in Sydney and Melbourne, will aim to bring the magic of a European alpine winter to the Sunshine State.
    Installers will soon begin setting up a temporary ice skating rink, measuring 30 metres by 30 metres, ahead of the festival's June 9 launch.
    During the 18-day event, the rink will host Snow Making shows, championships, amateur skating, lessons and discos, while food and wine will be sold from winter-themed stalls including an alpine ski hut.
    Festival co-founder Martin Kratky, originally from Vienna, said night-time skating would be most popular, but city workers could also see skating and buy food and drinks at lunch time.
    Mr Kratky and fellow Austrian expat Christoph Doerfel began the event in Sydney's Cathedral Square two years ago to provide some fun during “very quiet time of the year”.
    The idea spread to Melbourne and Bondi Beach last year.
    Mr Kratky said Brisbane residents would be able to venture onto the 900 square metre open-air ice rink and skate under the stars while a variety of music was played.
    Planned theme nights include 80s ice discos, classics nights and Euro lounge skating.
    Mr Kratky said preparations to install the ice skating rink would begin this weekend, five days before the festival's start date.
    He said the foundation and platform would be put in place first, with installers spilling water over the aluminium cooling pipes that would freeze the liquid.
    Mr Kratky said King George Square would be an “awesome location” for the event and he doubted the weather would be too warm.
    “To be honest, the ice skating rink can operate up to 25 degrees; we're not worried it'll get too warm,” he said.
    “We hope Brisbane residents will take it on as well as other cities. We're getting good feedback already.”
    The festival runs until June 26 and entry is free. Skating will cost $20 for adults and $15 for children. Skate hire will be $7 extra.
    The 15 food stands will include an alpine ski hut operated by The Groove Train.

    Further Information at

    Bucceri Snow Making appoints a distributor for the Victorian market

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