Latest News

B4 Snow Maker for Indoor Ski Centres

Bucceri Snow Makings newly designed B4 snow machine is a one of a kind snow maker that can produce delicate, fresh snow at any temperature and humidity. This revolutionary concept makes the B4 snow machines a great and valuable option for the use in indoor ski centres like the soon to be opened indoor ski hall in Changsha City, China. The Ski Centre covers an area of over 9000 square meters that will be covered in fresh, man made snow by the Bucceri B4 snow machines and will open its doors by the end of June.

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The Dog House joins Bucceris Snow4Kids 2015

Bucceri Snow Making is happy to announce that “The Dog House” will offer it's delicious German treats during the Snow4Kids Festival 2015 at the “Snow and Slide Park” at the Brisbane Riverstage. While the Bucceri Snow Making crew is producing tons of fresh, man made snow with their one of a kind snow machines the Dog House will serve tasty treats to the crowd. Visits the once in a lifetime event to experience real snow and try a large selection of German style sausages, traditional cakes, coffee and Danish mini pancakes.

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Bucceri Snow Making at the Ski Build Russia 2015

Bucceri Snow Making will be taking part in the Ski Build Russia this year at the Gostiny Dvor in Moscow. The creative snow makers will join the very large Interalpin booth at Russias most renown Trade show for snow making from October 23 2015 to October 25 2015. The snow making company will introduce their one of a kind snow making systems to the Russian market including the revolutionary B47 snow maker/multiplier, the redesigned B4 snow machines and different ice machines.

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The machines moved in!

It is an exciting time for the snow makers of Bucceri Snow Making. With two snow events running at the same time at two different locations the man made snow company is facing exciting and busy times. Today the snow makers took on the big challenge to move the snow making equipment to one of the festival sides. Ice makers as well as snow machines moved on site to start the snow production. Tonnes of ice will be stockpiled to produce a massive amount of man made snow in a short period of time.
Join the Snow4Kids Festival to have a look at the brilliant snow quality the Bucceri snow making machines produce.

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Snow4Kids Park

Bucceri Snow Making proudly introduced a second breathtaking venue and snow attraction to the Snow4Kids Festival 2015. The Courier-Mail Piazza will be transformed into a frosty winter wonderland for children to enjoy. Tons of real, freshly made snow will be used to create a beautiful snow landscape. There will be snow mountains to climb, miniature toboggan slides to rush down and an all time favourite the snowman making. The snow will be made multiple times a day with the companies patented, one of a kind snow machines. Not an easy job at 20 plus degrees.
Come around and join the fun from the 3rd of July until the 12th of July.

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Snow And Slide Park

Bucceri Snow Making is very excited to announce that the Snow4Kids Festival 2015 will feature two amazing snow attractions at 2 iconic Brisbane venues.
The Snow And Slide Park at the Brisbane Riverstage will be opening its door daily from the 27th of June until the 12th of July from 9am to 5pm. This adrenalin pumping snow attraction features 8 snow toboggan lanes for children and adults to rush down. Each slide is up to 30 meters long and consists of tonnes of real, fresh, man made snow. Grab a shell and join the fun!

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Bucceri Snow Making brings back the “SNOW4KIDS FESTIVAL 2015”

Bucceri Snow Making is very excited to announce that the SNOW4KIDS Festival will be back to Brisbane in 2015 after its great success in previous years. For the first time ever the passionate snow maker will not just transform one but two iconic Brisbane venues into magical and fun bringing winter wonderlands. Tons and tons of freshly made, real snow will create a thrilling 8 lane toboggan hill at the Brisbane Riverstage while the Courier Mail Piazza will be a snow paradise for little children to climb snow mountain, slid down mini toboggan hills and build a snow man. The companies one of a kind snow making machines will producing fresh snow daily from June 27th to July 12th. Visit for further information or to book Tickets!

Bucceri Snow Making for Hit 105 “Game of Thrones” snowball fight

Bucceri Snow Making had the great pleasure to supply its high quality, man made snow to one of Australia's biggest radio stations to celebrate the newest season of the hit TV show “Game of Thrones”. The snow makers delivered tonnes of fresh snow to Brisbanes iconic story bridge for a fun snowball fight. To see a video of the event please visit:

Bucceri Snow Making in Si Seilbahnen International Magazine

The latest Issue of the Si Seilbahnen International Magazine will be on the market from the 29th of May 2015. Bucceri Snow Making is featured in a short article about it's successful participation at the Interalpin trade show in Austria and it's revolutionary snow making technologies. To read the full article please visit .
A special thanks to Dr. Kurt Wieser for choosing us to part of this great article.

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Bucceri Snow Making at the Interalpin 2015 Innsbruck

The Interalpin Exhibition in Innsbruck, Austria is considered one of the biggest and most advanced trade shows in Europe for snow making, mountain management, chair lifts and ski resort management. With thousands of industry professionals visiting, Bucceri Snow Making used the opportunity to introduce their one of a kind snow making technology to the European market. The B4 snow machine and the revolutionary B47 snow machines created a big interest in the company and its advantages in man made snow.
The Interalpin 2015 was a great succes for Bucceri Snow Making and the company will be back to show off their latest inventions in Austria in 2017.

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Follow Snow4kids and our new Snow&Slide on facebook Snow4Kids at

Visit www.snow4kids for details of the 2015 Snow 4 kids and Snow & Slide Event. Bucceri Snow Making will operate the event from June 27 to July 13 2015.

Bucceri Snow Making will be attending the Inter-Alpin Trade Fair in Innsbruk Austria from the 15th to 7th of April 2015.

February 2015: Bucceri Snow Making has entered into an exclusive agency agreement with M Wally to distribute the B4 Snow Systems in China. M Wally represents SMI, Pinroth, Eco Designs and other major foreign suppliers.

December 2014: Bucceri Snow provided the snow making equipment for 2 new ski areas in China with both recording record seasons due to the early opening days and Bucceri Snow now has 3 operational snow making systems using the new B4 Snow System to provide guaranteed opening days in the western China Regions.

The Snow 4kids event 2014 was sold out for the full 100 sessions held over 16 days. We will soon publish the details of the 2015 event which will be bigger with more snow and toboggan runs.

Bucceri Snow Making installs All weather snow making system at Mount Cuihua Ski Resort in Shaanxi Province China
On November 21, 2013 Bucceri introduced their ne w all weather snow making system to the Chinese Ski Resort Customer and after 10 days of continuous snow making in temperatures up to 15 degrees Celsius ( 55 degrees Fahrenheit) the ski resort was ready to open for business on December 1 2013. The official opening was on the 6th of December 2013 and Alfio Bucceri was part of the official party that opened the ski resort on the day.

Snow obstacle at Mud Runners Event Sydney November 2013

Bucceri Snow Making provided a 20 metre long 3 metre high snow mountain for the 10000 competitors who took part in the annual mud run event.

Events in November 2013

Bucceri Snow MAking provided snow for Disney, Ice Bar Brisbane, Southbank, Easternwell Energy Toowoomba for various snow events during the month of November as well as provide Snow making systems for ski resorts in China.

Snow makers have become a necessity at modern ski resorts

Snow makers have become a necessity at modern ski resorts. Before their invention, resorts had to rely on favorable weather conditions. Now snow makers make it possible to open early and extend the ski season. But how do snow makers work? Ever wonder about the technology behind these money makers of the ski industry? How about all that snow? Is it real or artificial? Well, the answer to that last question is yes, snow makers make real snow.
The Snow
Simply put, real snow is made when water vapor in the atmosphere freezes into crystals. These crystals build up, stick together and become snowflakes which fall and become snow. Snow makers make snow identical to natural snow in every way. The difference is only how the snow is made. Only a true snow connoisseur would know the difference. Oh no they wouldn't, because there is no difference. Snow maker snow is exactly the same as natural snow. Now that we have that cleared up, how do they make it?
How Snow Makers Work
In the snow maker or Snow Making Machine, compressed air is combined with cooled water. The compressed air causes the water to form smaller drops. It also blows the drops into the air and keeps them cool. Some snow makers use high powered fans to give the same effect. Others have additional cooling units to speed the crystallization of the water drops into snow flakes. These are used when the weather itself is not cold enough to do the job.
The Title of Snow Maker
Believe it or not, it takes a specialist to run a snow maker. Ironically, this specialist is also called a snow maker. The snow maker is a skilled professional. The snow maker's job is to know when conditions are right for making snow. Snow makers must adjust the snow making machines according to weather conditions. Otherwise, the mechanical snow maker cannot make snow. This is a complicated job in which humidity pays an essential part. High humidity can produce snow at higher than normal winter temperatures. There are other factors as well, which make snow making a complicated process.
Different Types of Snow
Here in Colorado ski country we all know the term 'fresh powder' means it's time to go skiing. Different types of Bucceri Snow Making are used for different types of snow sports. Light powder makes a smoothly gliding ski surface. Wet snow is great for an underlying base. That's what they are talking about when they say snow pack. Ideal conditions for skiing mean a good snow pack covered by fresh powder, a drier snow. One of the advantages of snow makers is the ability to generate fresh powder throughout ski season. This is why snow makers are essential equipment for successful ski resorts.

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Bucceri's snow systems

Making good snow is an art. Since conditions often vary widely in a skiing area, it is nearly impossible to obtain the right ratiosin all of your snowguns manually.
Bucceri's snow systems are built for extreme conditions and ease of maintenance. Versatile, Robust, High Capacity, Patended, Australian Made, All Weather Snow Maker. Fully automated snow making systems for Ski resorts, Indoor Ski centers, Theme parks and Industrial Applications from 10 to 10,000 Cubic Metres Daily.
Bucceri snow making did much snow event in 2011, such as: Red bull snow party at the chalk hotel carpark, many people join us and enjoy this big snow party; Snow tubing at the Busan film festival and etc. Also, from the 30th of June until the 15th of July, the Hunter Valley Gardens will hosting the first ever snow time event. It will bring a traditional winter experience to the people.
We can provide a Fully automated Snow Making System That will make fresh snow every day of the year at any temperature. Fully guaranteed production. Bucceri's system gives you all the conditions you need for a good work environment and great results.

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From the 30th of June until the 15th of July the Hunter Valley Gardens will transform the Formal Garden into an enchanting winter wonderland complete with a skating rink for the whole family to enjoy. A number of fabulous icy experiences will take place daily in the snow garden that people of all ages will love.
General Manager, Kyle McKendry says, “We are very excited to be hosting our first ever Snow Time event at the Hunter Valley Gardens. We are looking forward to bringing a traditional winter experience to the people of the Hunter Region. This is an event that will not disappoint.”
Snow Garden activities include:

  • Skating Rink
    Whether you’re an experienced skater or a first timer all who participate will have a ball. Have a go with friends mastering play ground favourites like what’s the time Mr Wolf or Red Rover on ice.
    The cool crisp vibe is set by the disco lights, music and smoke machines which enable you to lose yourself in this magical winter wonderland. Skating sessions are limited and must be pre-booked on arrival at the Gardens.
  • Snow Angels Play Zone (10am – 4pm) (6pm – 10pm)
    This play zone gives everyone the chance to experience the fun that can be had with a blanket of snow. The kids will be able to get knee deep in the snow and practice making the perfect snow angel.
  • Snow Tubing (10am – 4pm) (6pm – 10pm)
    Gather your friends and race each other at snow tubing. Two inflatable icy slopes side by side give you the ultimate sledging experience in Australia. Twist, turn and slide your way to the finish line for some exhilarating fun.
  • Snow Ball Challenge (10am – 4pm) (6pm – 9.30pm)
    Every child can re-enact their Snow Time dream by participating in the snow ball challenge. Win points by throwing snow balls at family and friends. It’s a great way to interact with loved ones and have some good old fashioned fun.
  • Snow Time Treasure Hunt (9am – 5pm)
    The all day treasure hunt let’s you explore the magnificent gardens in search of hidden snow flakes. With intriguing cryptic word puzzles, it’s a real brain teaser that whole family can enjoy.
    As night falls, the “Snow Time Garden” transforms into a, twinkling winter wonderland. With glistening fairy lights and captivating music you will be transported into a dazzling world of surreal tranquillity.
    ‘Chill’ at the performance stage from 7pm till 9pm and be mesmerised by ice queens, stilt walkers, magicians and much more.
    Warm food and beverages will be served all day to keep your tummies satisfied.
    So come along and explore this magnificent winter experience for the first time at Hunter Valley Gardens.

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    Costs of Snow-Making

    To cover several ski trails with manmade snow, you need a lot of water. According to SMI Snow Makers, it takes about 75,000 gallons (285,000 liters) of water to create a 6-inch blanket of snow covering a 200x200-foot area (61x61 meters). The system in a good-sized ski slope can convert 5,000 to 10,000 gallons (18,927 to 37,854 liters) of water to snow every minute!
    Water is not a huge expense for ski resorts, however; and pumping this much water isn't incredibly bad for the environment. Most resorts pump water from one or more reservoirs located in low-lying areas. The run-off water from the slopes feeds back into these reservoirs, so the resort can actually use the same water over and over again. Moving this water around can have some negative effects on plant and animal life, though, so ski slopes must work hard to keep water levels fairly balanced.
    A significant environmental concern, and one of a resort's biggest expenses, is power consumption. If a slope uses compressed air in its snow guns, it has to provide a lot of energy to run the large air-compressing pumps. It also needs a pump system to provide the water to the snow makers. These pumps are often run by diesel engines, which expel a high level of air pollution.
    Ski resorts that use airless snow guns also need a good amount of power to run the machines' fans. These types of snow guns consume a lot less energy for every foot of snow they produce, but they are still major power draws. For most ski resorts, power consumption is the second biggest operating expense, just behind labor costs (snow-making alone requires a lot of manpower). No matter what sort of technology a resort uses, Snow Making accounts for a high percentage of this power use.
    Because of the expense of making snow, ski resorts have to develop a good strategy for when and where they are going to use their machines. A lot of the work involved in snow-making is the task of balancing the cost of running the machines with the benefits of extending the ski season. Efficient snow-makers make sure they don't waste power making snow where it won't do any good, and they are very careful to make snow only when it will stick around.
    As we've seen, snow-makers have to take many variables into account to cover a slope with ideal skiing snow. The idea behind manmade snow is extremely simple; but actually getting it to work effectively is quite a feat. Many snow-makers describe the job as a challenging marriage of science and art -- the basic elements are precise weather measurements and expensive machinery, but you need instinct, improvisation and creativity to get it exactly right.

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    Other Uses of Manmade Snow

    The most widespread market for Snow Making Machine is the ski resort industry. But manmade snow has a number of other uses as well. For example, snow-making machines have played a big part in many movie productions. Movie producers often take several months to shoot scenes that take place in the span of a few days. If the movie takes place in a snowy setting, the set decorators have to get the right amount of snow for each day of shooting. Depending on the weather, this could mean melting natural snow or adding manmade snow.
    Snow Making plays a part in agriculture as well. A good coating of snow keeps a lot of the earth's heat from escaping into the atmosphere, so farmers often use it as an insulator for winter crops. The insulation effect keeps the crops from freezing, even when the temperature drops well below 32 degrees Fahrenheit (0 C).
    Another use of manmade snow is for testing aircraft equipment. Because they fly so high in the atmosphere, airplanes must be able to hold up in very cold, very snowy conditions. Snow-making machines let aircraft designers test how airplane equipment will react to these conditions.
    There is also a consumer market for small Snow Making Machine and manmade snow services. Some homeowners will shell out hundreds of dollars to give their yard and house an attractive coating of snow for the Christmas season, or just to give the kids a special treat. People who really love a snowy yard can invest in a personal snow-making machine. These models, which typically cost thousands of dollars, hook up to an ordinary garden hose and a standard electrical outlet. Just like the ski slope machines, these models use a lot of water and a lot of power; but they're fairly easy to operate.

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    Getting the Perfect Mix

    So we've seen that the basic idea of snow guns is pretty simple. Actually making snow can be a bit more complex, however. The wet bulb temperature has to be low enough, and snow-makers must carefully balance the levels of water and air to get the desired results.
    There are all different kinds of snow. The main difference between snow types is how much water a certain volume of snow holds. Snow-makers often talk about dry snow and wet snow. Dry snow has a relatively low amount of water, so it is very light and powdery. This type of snow is excellent for skiing because skis glide over it easily without getting stuck in wet slush.
    One of the advantages of using a snow maker is that you can make sure the slope's surface level always has this ideal, powdery snow. Wet snow also plays an important role on ski slopes, however. Resort owners use this denser snow to build up the snow level on well-travelled trails. Many resorts build up the snow depth this way once or twice a year, and then regularly coat the trails with a layer of dry snow throughout the winter.
    The density, or wetness, of snow is dependent on the temperature and humidity outside, as well as the size of the water droplets launched by the gun. Snow-makers have to adjust the proportions of water and air in their snow guns to get the perfect snow consistency for the outdoor weather conditions. Since temperature and humidity levels vary considerably from point to point on a ski slope, snow-makers have to adjust each machine accordingly.
    This process has gotten a little bit easier recently with the introduction of new technology. Many ski slopes now control their snow guns with a central computer system that is hooked up to weather-reading stations all over the slope. The computers make a determination of the best snow-and-air mix based on the temperature and relative humidity at a given point. These systems do not always get the mix right, of course, but they are a great snow-making aid.

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    Snow-Making Conditions

    As we've seen, the main job of Snow Making Machines is to do the work of snow-making clouds that occur naturally in the atmosphere. These machines do not make snow under just any conditions, however -- you need to have the right kind of ground weather, just as you need the right kind of ground weather for natural snow to make it to the earth and then stick. To figure out when to make snow, and to make sure they get the right kind of snow, ski resorts depend on the expertise of experienced snow machine operators, commonly called snow-makers.
    So how do snow-makers determine if the conditions are right? It turns out they need a lot more information than they can get from an ordinary thermometer. Standard thermometers measure the dry bulbtemperature of the atmosphere; but the most important factor for snow conditions is the wet bulbtemperature.
    The wet bulb temperature is a function of the dry bulb temperature and the relative humidity, the amount of water vapor in the air. Liquid or solid water cools itself by evaporating some water as water vapor. This releases heat, and so lowers the energy level in the water. When there is more water vapor in the atmosphere, water or snow can't evaporate as much because the air is already saturated with water to a high degree. Consequently, water cools more slowly when the humidity is high, and more quickly when the humidity is low.
    For this reason, humidity is a very important factor in determining snow conditions. If the humidity level is low enough, you can actually get snow even when the dry bulb temperature is several degrees above freezing. If the relative humidity is 100 percent, then the wet bulb temperature and the dry bulb temperature will be exactly the same. But even if both are at the freezing temperature, you might get rain instead of snow because the air saturation slows the cooling process down so much.
    If the temperature is around 30 F (-1 C), you need a fairly low relative humidity (less than 30 percent) for good snow-making conditions. If the temperature is less than 20 F (-6.7 C), you can make snow fairly easily even if the relative humidity is 100 percent. A temperature in the teens is ideal for Snow Making.

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    Manmade Snow

    In the last section we saw that snow forms when water vapor condenses in cold enough temperatures, often around a nucleator, and becomes an ice crystal. So, the main things you need to manufacture snow are water and cool temperatures.
    It helps the process along if you mix a nucleator of some sort into the water supply. The water will already contain lots of stuff that can act as nucleators, but increasing the count is a good idea because it ensures that more water droplets will freeze before they reach the ground. One of the most widely used nucleators is a natural protein called Snowmax that is especially good at attracting water molecules.
    The traditional type of snow gun produces water droplets by combining cooled water and compressed air. On a ski slope, you'll notice that these guns are attached to two different hoses that run to air and water hydrant stations, respectively. The hydrants are hooked up to two different lines which run under the snow or even underground. One pumps in water from a lake, pond or reservoir and the other pumps in high-pressure air from an air compressor.
    The compressed air serves three major functions:
    It atomizes the water -- that is, disrupts the stream so that the water splits into many tiny droplets.
    It blows the water droplets into the air.
    It helps cool the water droplets as they fly into the air.
    This last step is an added bonus of using compressed air. When air is compressed, the different air particles are pushed tightly together, which means they don't move around as much. When the air is released, the particles spread out and move more freely. This means the particles are using more energy, absorbing heat from the area around them and thus cooling the air around the water droplets.
    Another common type of Snow Machine is called an airless snow gun. Airless snow guns use simple nozzles (similar to the ones you find on household spray bottles) to atomize the water into a fine mist. The water droplets are then blown up into the air by a powerful fan. The main advantage of this design is that you don't have to hook the snow gun up to a compressed-air supply -- you only have to provide water and a power source. Some other snow gun designs actually atomize the water with high-speed fans.
    A Kid Wizzard airless snow gun
    Photo courtesy SMI Snow Makers
    It takes a lot of energy to change water from a liquid to a solid. You have to remove the water's heat of fusion, the large amount of heat energy required to change ice into liquid water at 32 F (0 C). If it's cold enough, the natural conditions outside will be sufficient for freezing the water; but if it is only a little below freezing, you may need additional components to help the process along. Some snow machines have special cooling units to speed the freezing process when the natural conditions aren't cold enough to do the job.
    To give the water enough time to freeze before it falls to the ground, many resorts use snow gun towers. These are simply sturdy poles that elevate the snow gun above the slope. Another advantage of this set-up is that the snow guns can be less disruptive to skiers. And the snow falls from above, as it would naturally.
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    How Nature Makes Snow

    One common notion is that Snow Making Machine is artificial. This is not really the case -- it's actually the same stuff that falls out of the sky, it's just created by a machine rather than by weather conditions. The machine works very differently than a weather system, but it accomplishes exactly the same thing. To understand how machines make snow, it's a good idea to first look at how snow occurs naturally.
    Snow comes from water vapor in the atmosphere. Clouds form when the water vapor (water in gas form) in the atmosphere cools to the point that it condenses -- that is, changes from a gas into a liquid or solid. The droplets in a cloud are so light that the air in the atmosphere keeps them aloft. If the droplets get too heavy, they fall in the form of precipitation. If it is cold enough, this water vapor doesn't condense as liquid water droplets, but instead as tiny ice crystals. In most parts of the world, rain generally starts out as snow but melts as it falls through the atmosphere (it is very cold at cloud level, even in the summertime).
    Oddly enough, water doesn't automatically freeze at "freezing temperature" -- 32 degrees Fahrenheit / 0 degrees Celsius. You have to cool pure water to a much lower temperature (as low as -40 F / -40 C) for it to lose enough heat energy to change form. Usually, however, water in a cloud does freeze around 32 F / 0 C because of the work of nucleators, tiny bits of naturally-occurring material that help water molecules coalesce. The nucleators attract water molecules, which reduces their energy to the point that they form ice crystals. The nucleators in snow crystals are just dirt bits, bacteria and other material floating around in the atmosphere. Water condenses onto the nucleator, which becomes the nucleus -- the center -- of the snow crystal.
    As the snow crystal moves around the cloud, more water particles condense onto it and freeze into crystals. The collection of individual crystals forms a snow flake. As the snow flake grows heavier, it falls toward the earth. If it is cold enough the whole way down, the flake will still be frozen when it reaches the surface.

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    How Snow Makers Work

    In the ear­ly to mid 20th century, the sport o­f snow skiing skyrocketed in popularity. As more and more people discovered the sport and made it a yearly tradition,­ ski slopes became extremely profitable businesses. But resort owners had a major problem: In their line of work, success was completely dependent on the weather. If it didn't snow, or didn't snow enough, they had to close everything down until the weather decided to cooperate. In many parts of the world, the skiing season was limited to a month or two.
    The solution, of course, was to figure out a way to Snow Making when you needed it, in case nature failed to provide. The result was an invention called the snow gun. This device proved useful even when natural snow was plen­tiful because it gave resort owners greater control over the consistency of the top layer of snow, allowing them to create better skiing conditions. These days, Snow Making Machine are standard equipment in the vast majority of ski resorts around the world. They have made it possible for many resorts to stay open four months or more a year, and there are even a few indoor slopes that stay open year-round!
    Snow makers can be a skier’s best friend, but they’re also valuable to indoor ice climbing facilities. Check out the ice climbing article, video and images at Discovery’s Fearless Planet to learn more.
    In this article, we'll look at these snow guns to see how they work, what they can do and how operators use them to create ideal skiing conditions. So the next time you go skiing, you'll know exactly where all that perfect snow is coming from!

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    Snowmaking guns

    There are many different forms of snowmaking guns, however they all share the basic principle of combining air and water to form snow. For most guns you can change the type or "quality" of snow by regulating the amount of water you are adding to the mixture. For others they are simply on or off and the snow quality is determined by the air temperature and humidity.
    In general there are three types of snowmaking guns: Internal Mixing, External Mixing and Fan Guns. These come in two main styles of makers: air water guns and fan guns.
    An air water gun can be mounted on a tower or on a stand on the ground. It uses higher pressure water and air, while a fan gun uses a powerful axial fan to propel the water jet to a great distance.
    A modern snow fan usually consists of one or more rings of nozzles which inject water into the fan air stream. A separate nozzle or small group of nozzles is fed with a mix of water and compressed air and produces the nucleation points for the snow crystals. The small droplets of water and the tiny ice crystals are then mixed and propelled out by a powerful fan, after which they further cool through evaporation in the surrounding air when they fall to the ground. The crystals of ice act as seeds to make the water droplets freeze at 0 °C(32 °F). Without these crystals water would supercool instead of freezing. This method can produce snow when the wet-bulb temperatureof the air is as high as -2 °C (28.4 °F). The lower the air temperature is, the more and the better snow a cannon can make. This is the main reason snow cannons are usually operated in the night. The mix of all water and air streams and their relative pressures is crucial to the amount of snow made and its quality.
    Modern snow cannons are fully computerized and can operate autonomously or be remotely controlled from a central location. Operational parameters are: starting and stopping time, quality of snow, max. wet-bulb temperature in which to operate, max. windspeed, horizontal and vertical orientation, sweeping angle to cover a wider area, sweeping may follow wind direction.
    Internal mixing guns have a chamber where the water and air get mixed together and violently forced out an opening or through holes and fall to the ground as snow. These guns are typically low to the ground on a frame or tripod and require a lot of air to compensate for the short hang time of the water. Some newer guns are built in a tower form and use much less air because of the increased hang time. The amount of water flow determines the type of snow that is to be made and is controlled by an adjustable water hydrant.
    External mixing guns have nozzles spraying water and air nozzles shooting air through the water stream to break it up into much smaller water particles. These guns are sometimes equipped with a set of internal mixing nozzles that are known a nucleators. These help create a nucleus for the water droplets to bond to. External mixing guns are typically tower guns and rely on a longer hang time to freeze the snow. This allows them to use much less air. External mixing guns are usually reliant on high water pressure to operate correctly so the water supply is opened completely and the flow can sometimes be regulated by valves on the gun.
    Fan Guns are much different than all other guns because they require electricity to power a fan and a hose with a spray/mist attachment. The hose sprays a mist, like the kind created from a spray bottle and fans propels the mist into the air to achieve the hang time. Fan guns have anywhere from 12 to 360 water nozzles on a ring that the fan blows through on the front of the gun. These banks can be shut on or off by valves. The valves are either manual, manual electric, or automatic electric (controlled by a computer).

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    About Snowmaking

    Snow Making is the production of snow by forcing water and pressurized air through a "snow gun" or "snow cannon", on ski slopes. Snowmaking is mainly used at ski resorts to supplement natural snow. This allows ski resorts to improve the reliability of their snow cover and to extend their ski seasons. Indoor ski slopes often use snowmaking. They are generally able to do so year-round as they have a climate-controlled environment.
    The production of snow requires low temperatures. The threshold temperature for snowmaking increases as humidity decreases. Wet bulb temperature is used as a metric since it takes air temperature and relative humidity into account. Snowmaking is a relatively expensive process in its energy use; thereby limiting its use.
    The key considerations in snow production are increasing water and energy efficiency and increasing the environmental window in which snow can be made.
    Snowmaking plants require water pumps and air compressors that are both very large and expensive. The production itself requires large amounts of energy[quantify]. It takes about 200,000 US gallons (757kL) of water to cover an acre to a depth of 1-foot (0.30 m)[citation needed].
    Snowmaking begins with a water supply such as a river or reservoir. Water is pushed up a pipeline on the mountain using very large electric pumps in a pump house. This water is distributed through an intricate series of valves and pipes to any trails that require snowmaking. Many resorts also add a nucleating agent to ensure that as much water as possible freezes and turns into snow. These products are organic or inorganic materials that facilitate the water molecules to form the proper shape to freeze into ice crystals. The products are non-toxic and biodegradable.
    Pump House & Air Plant Combo
    The next step in the snowmaking process is to add air using an air plant. This plant is often a building which contains electric or diesel industrial air compressors the size of a van or truck. However, in some instances air compression is provided using diesel-powered, portable trailer-mounted compressors which can be added to the system. Many fan-type snow guns have on-board electric air compressors, which allows for cheaper, and more compact operation. A ski area may have the required high-output water pumps, but not an air pump. Onboard compressors are cheaper and easier than having a dedicated pumping house. The air is generally cooled and excess moisture is removed before it is sent out of the plant. Some systems even cool the water before it enters the system. This improves the Snow Making Machine process as the less heat in the air and water, the less heat must be dissipated to the atmosphere to freeze the water. From this plant the air travels up a separate pipeline following the same path as the water pipeline.

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    Benefits of Snow Making Machines

    Snow Making Machine is a skier's or snowboarder's best friend. If you've ever visited a ski resort in less than optimal skiing conditions, you are well aware of their benefits.
    These marvelous machines make snow when Mother Nature does not cooperate. For example, when it fails to snow during your expensive ski weekend, snow making equipment will come to the rescue. Additionally, snow machines can extend the season.
    While most ski seasons run from December to March, snow making equipment creates ski seasons that begin in November and last through April. In fact, in some sections of Colorado, snow guns can help resorts open as early as October and close as late as June. So how do snow making machines work? In order to answer this question, you must first understand some facts about snow.
    How Does Snow Making Equipment Work?
    Just as Mother Nature uses nucleators to attract water molecules, Snow Making mix a nucleator into the water supply. Nucleators is a combination of organic and inorganic products, which are non-toxic and biodegradable.
    Turning Water into Snow
    The Snow Making Machine use water from a river or a local reservoir. Large electric pumps push the water up a pipe line and on to the mountain. The added nucleating agent helps the water freeze and turn into snow. When the water reaches the mountain, the machine distributes it as snow to the trails.
    Air Compression and Snow Making
    If you look at a typical snow making machine, also known as a snow gun or snow cannon, you will notice two hoses. One pumps water and the other pumps air. The air pump splits the water into many tiny droplets. It also cools the water droplets and blows them into the air. If you've ever skied in an area when the snow guns are blowing, you may have thought it was actually snowing.
    Snow Grooming
    Once the machine dispenses the snow, snow groomers, which are wide-tracked tractors, disperse the snow throughout the trail. If you enjoy skiing on groomed trails, some resorts provide maps of groomed snow trails. Some resorts, such as Snowmass in Colorado, have a Noon Groom, which will use either natural or man-made snow depending upon weather conditions. Since this is when most people go to lunch, it's a great time to get out and enjoy the pure corduroy snow.

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    Snow tubing is a popular activity for many people in winter climates. Riding a tube down a snow-covered hill requires little work since gravity provides the majority of the power. People who enjoy sporting activities like sledding often enjoy snow tubing. Place your snow tube on the crest of a snow covered hill, sit down and push off with your feet. Maintain a straight and steady course or change direction using your body weight.
    Snow tubes can spin in both directions making the slide more thrilling, as opposed to going downhill in a straight line. The rider also slides down a special snow tubing slope. Snow tubing is fast becoming a fun and super-trendy leisure activity for young and old. It's a good alternative for people who don't ski or snow board. Sliding down a hill is winter excitement at its best! Snow Tubing rides are usually a nominal charge for one slide or you can purchase hour slots for unlimited rides. An adult must usually accompany children, and venues will enforce age and height restrictions. However, many parks are now introducing gentler slopes, which are family-friendly and allow younger and shorter children to ride. You should check at individual locations for specific policies.
    While snow tubing is typically done by youngsters, it can be done by anyone of any age. Some snow tube enthusiasts go on complete vacations specifically so they can spend days and days snow tubing different hills.
    In the, we can Provide Snow Tubing Slopes in Any Length and Size for All Ages, 1 to 20 lane hills available for rental from 1 day to 6 monthsWe supply all the equipment including the Snow Tubes, Toboggans, Snow Machine and Snow Ramp. This is the most enjoyable winter recreational pursuit that can be enjoyed by people of all ages and is guaranteed to generate a lot of interest and add to your bottom line.

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    Snow Making: A Ski Holiday Helper

    The opening of ski season in the Swiss Alps brings visitors to myriad locations like Arosa, Flims, Grindelwald and Verbier. Ski chalets are opened up, ski lifts are set into motion and, most importantly of all, the operators of the country's ski slopes check that the snow quality is sufficiently high enough to please all the visitors. Sometimes this requires the use of snow making machines - a handy innovation that helps ensure consistent snow throughout the season, and even means skiers can arrive earlier in the winter and leave later in the spring.
    Early snowmaking
    The first snow cannon was made in 1950 by Art Hunt, Dave Richey and Wayne Pierce, but it only took off on a more widespread scale early in the 1970s. Now many ski resorts depend on snow making from snow cannons to keep their slopes in excellent condition. Guests in an Arosa or Verbier ski chalet, among many other places, will undoubtedly benefit from Hunt, Richey and Pierce's invention.
    How it works
    The basic principle of Snow Making is forcing water and pressurised air through the snow cannon (or snow gun) on the ski slopes. In modern snow cannons, there are two aspects of this process: water and compressed air are injected together to form tiny ice crystals, and then further droplets of water are injected into the air stream of the cannon's fan. The tiny ice crystals form "nucleation points" for the larger snow crystals to form around - the way a pearl needs a smaller object to form around.
    Air temperature and humidity affect the efficiency of this process. High humidity means the temperature must be lower for snow to form well, while the air temperature must always be below freezing. The process consumes huge amounts of power and resources - 200,000 gallons of water to cover an acre to a depth of 1 foot, according to one estimation - making it very expensive, but most resorts consider it worth the expense to please their customers and keep them coming back.
    Examples of use
    Ski resorts like Verbier rely on snow cannons. In Verbier's case, their slopes where snow naturally falls most reliably - the slopes of the Mont-Fort flakier and the runs to Tortin - are very steep, with much of it rated as off-piste. The slopes that most people in Verbier ski chalets and hotels want to use are at lower altitudes and often face south, exposed to warmer winds and weather fronts.
    As a result, snow making is used on the whole main run from Les Attelas down to Médran, the nursery slopes, La Chaux, some of the Savoleyres runs, and Veysonnaz-Thyon. This means that adequate slopes for skiers of all abilities are maintained throughout the season, making many a Verbier ski chalet renter very happy. The same is true elsewhere in Switzerland and other Alpine countries, such as Austria and Germany, and Snow Making Machine is used as far afield as Australia, where the Snowy Mountains of New South Wales boast a small selection of ski routes that often have to be artificially topped up.
    Earl Knudsen is Marketing Manager for Alpine Answers, a specialist ski travel agency, tour operator, and booking service, that are experts in finding you the perfect Verbier ski chalet or hotel for your ski holiday.

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    Snow Tubing at Ski Butternut in Massachusetts

    Snow tubing is a thrilling winter activity that is a perfect alternative for non-skiers. Over Martin Luther King Day weekend in January 2010, my family and I headed to the Ski Butternut Tubing Center in the Berkshires of western Massachusetts for our first snow tubing experience (watch the video!). My daughter's friend and her family joined us, too, and the seven of us were soon careening down the slick slopes and having the time of our lives.These tips from our snow tubing outing will help you get the most out of tubing at Ski Butternut.
    1.Save Time: Before you leave home, print out copies of the Ski Butternut Tubing Release and Assumption of Risk Agreement and complete them in the warm comfort of your home or car, rather than at the Tubing Center ticket window.
    2.Arrive Early: Ski Butternut's tubing facility opens at 10 a.m. on most weekends and holidays. We visited on a fair weather Saturday, and when we arrived at 11:30 a.m., not only was it difficult to find parking near the Tubing Center, there were no snow tubes available. Lines to obtain tubes were even longer when we left at 2:30 p.m.
    3.Get Your Tube First: We joined many other visitors in making the mistake of queuing up at the ticket window, where we expected snow tubers would return their tubes as their two-hour time slots expired. Wrong. On busy days, you need to be aggressive on arrival and wait at the bottom of the tubing hill to get your hands on Snow Machine as they become available. Unfortunately, staff at Ski Butternut was very ineffective at communicating this procedure and ill-equipped to manage the crowd, and they were surly to boot when customers asked questions about the process.
    4. Bundle Up: Jackets, scarves, hats and gloves are a must, even on a seemingly warm day. Snow pants, however, aren't really necessary: I wore jeans and didn't really get wet. It was in the mid-40s when we left Connecticut, but it was distinctly cooler at Ski Butternut, plus, the ride down the tubing hill is quite a chilly thrill. That said, we felt coldest during the hour we spent standing around waiting to acquire tubes.
    5. Consider a Helmet: While helmets are not required, they may be a good idea, especially for younger children. While there are no formal age requirements for snow tubing at Butternut, children must be able to comfortably and safely ride in their own tubes: They are not allowed to ride on a parent or other adult's lap. We brought our seven-year-old daughter's bicycle helmet along just in case but didn't feel she needed to wear it once we saw the facility. During our two-hour session, we didn't observe any wipeouts or dangerous activity. You know your children best, however, and might want to consider a helmet, particularly for their first tubing experience.

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    Summer Snow Tubing - Without the Snow?

    Snow tubing is one of the fastest growing winter sports. But what happens when the weather turns warm? There are a number of new synthetic materials out there that make summer tubing just as much fun as the winter - and with warm weather too!
    The first material is a lot like the artificial turf on sports fields. It is a bit stiffer and has fairly short blades of "grass". The tubes are the same ones as the ones used in the winter, but they have a special hard bottom that makes them faster on the turf. The hard bottoms may also be used in winter when the snow gets slow due to warmer temperatures. The Snow tubing lanes have side walls that are also covered with the material so you stay in the lane without any effort. The ride tends to be a bit smoother than snow, but also a bit noisier. The lanes get faster when the temperature is lower, or when they get wet so early in the day is best for riding on a hot day.
    The other type of material is called uGxtreme. It looks like a plastic checkerboard with a half a marble on alternating squares. These squares snap together into tubing runs. This material also has side walls and uses the same tubes as winter tubing. This new material is smoother and faster than the turf style. It is also less noisy. Like the turf style, it gets faster when the air is cooler or when it has some moisture on it.
    All summer tubing operations have a lift to get you back to the top so the experience is very similar to snow tubing.

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    What is snow tubing?

    Snow tubing is a recreational winter activity that takes place by using an air-filled inner tube, or device that resembles an inner tube, to go downhill at a high rate of speed. Snow tubing can be done on a normal hill, just like sledding, or it can be done at a ski resort area. As more non-skiers are going to ski resort areas, it makes sense for these areas to offer something they can enjoy outdoors as well. These areas are often referred to as snow tubing parks.
    The skill required for snow tubing in a tubing park is minimal. There is no steering or stopping required. In some ways, it is like going down a straight water slide in a tube. Snow tubing runs usually have snow built up along each of the sides to keep the tube in a specific lane. At the end of a hill designed for snow tubing is a long run out, which gradually brings riders to a stop.
    Likewise, there is truly no skill needed for snow tubing on any snow-covered hill, though there are a few rules to keep in mind when not at a ski area. There should be no trees nearby, and there should be a long run out at the bottom for stopping. Unlike some sleds, the ability to control the direction of the tube is minimal. Therefore, if a rider gets into trouble, they may have few options — the most likely of which would be to bail out of the tube before disaster strikes.
    There are some variations that make snow tubing a very interesting activity. Some ski areas, for example, offer several lanes. This helps those who want to engage in a downhill race. Because everyone has their own lane and there is no danger of collision, these areas encourage safe racing. This is something that is often discouraged on the ski slopes, outside of organized races. Racing can also be done on other hills. Some may believe the increased chances of collision on these hills is an added benefit.
    Though most inner tubes could serve as snow inner tubes, there are ones that are specifically made for the activity. Some feature materials that are particularly resistant to cold. Many also feature a heavier gauge of material to help avoid puncturing on sticks or rocks that may be sticking out of the snow. Most also feature a layer of material over the bottom of the tube, meant to keep the individual rider dry.

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    Ski and boarding getaways even when there is no snow

    It seems to be true that when there is no snow on the ground in cities there are few skiers on the mountain. That’s a shame because in this age of high-tech Snow Making there always seems to be enough snow on the ground. Almost all of the major ski areas, and most of the smaller ones, have made the investment and the snow they produce is as good as the nature made thing.
    Skiing when there is no snow
    Most people are not quite aware of what is involved in producing these mountains of white stuff and recently Okemo Mountain, in Ludlow, Vermont, sent out a release documenting what it takes to coat their mountain in white. At this time, the beginning of the 2011-2012 season, the information in the release is helpful in letting us know how anyone can ski when there is no snow on the ground where they live and perhaps explain why those lift tickets cost as much as they do.
    What it takes to cover one mountain with snow
    Here is the pertinent part of the Okemo Mountain Resort release and, while reading it, keep in mind that while those the statistics vary from resort to resort, the same effort is made in each of the 61 ski areas in New England.

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  • Contact us

    Bucceri Snow Making Pty. Ltd.
    PO Box 40. Hamilton Brisbane
    Queensland. Australia 4007
    Telephone 61 7 31032529
    Australia wide enquiries 1300 04 7669 (SNOW)


    Patented Product
    Available 2015